Both Canada and Alaska require pilots to carry survival gear. Always carry survival gear when flying over rugged and desolate terrain. The items suggested in Figure are both weather and terrain dependent. The pilot also needs to consider how much storage space the helicopter has and how the equipment being carried affects the overall weight and balance of the helicopter.

Food cannot be subject to deterioration due to heat or cold. There should be at least 10,000 calories for each person on board, and it should be stored in a sealed waterproof container. It should have been inspected by the pilot or his representative within the previous 6 months, and bear a label verifying the amount and satisfactory condition of the contents.
A supply of water
Cooking utensils
Matches in a waterproof container
A portable compass
An ax weighing at least 2.5 pounds with a handle not less than 28 inches in length
A flexible saw blade or equivalent cutting tool
30 feet of snare wire and instructions for use
Fishing equipment, including still-fishing bait and gill net with not more than a two-inch mesh
Mosquito nets or netting and insect repellent sufficient to meet the needs of all persons aboard, when operating in areas where insects are likely to be hazardous
A signaling mirror
At least three pyrotechnic distress signals
A sharp, quality jackknife or hunting knife
A suitable survival instruction manual
Flashlight with spare bulbs and batteries
Portable emergency locator transmitter (ELT) with spare batteries
Stove with fuel or a self-contained means of providing heat for cooking
Tent(s) to accommodate everyone on board
Additional items for winter operations:

  • Winter sleeping bags for all persons when thetemperature is expected to be below 7 °C
  • Two pairs of snow shoes
  • Spare ax handle
  • Ice chisel
  • Snow knife or saw knife
Emergency equipment and survival gear