The HUD is a display system that provides a projection of navigation and air data (airspeed in relation to approach reference speed, altitude, left/right and up/down GS) on a transparent screen between the pilot and the windshield. Other information may be displayed, including a runway target in relation to the nose of the aircraft. This allows the pilot to see the information necessary to make the approach while also being able to see out the windshield, which diminishes the need to shift between looking at the panel to looking outside. Virtually any information desired can be displayed on the HUD if it is available in the aircraft’s flight computer and if the display is user definable. [Figure]

Head-Up Display (HUD)
Example of a head-up display (top) and a head-down display (bottom). The head-up display presents information in front of the pilot along his/her normal field of view while a head-down display may present information beyond the normal head-up field of view